Loving the BITE: Irish Stew, Ale, & the Effects of Alcohol on Cycling Performance

17
Mar
2016

I have been told that more than a few LTB readers are beer drinkers.  And, although there’s often confusion regarding the health benefits and detriments of alcohol, I’ll be happy to set the record straight: moderate amounts, defined as 1-6 oz. glass of wine, 1-12 oz. glass of beer, or even 1 shot of hard liquor for women, and double the portions for men, are health promoting even when drank every day (but I usually recommend 2-3 times per week – I’ll explain below).  This is not to say that they will help you reach an ideal weight or have a good influence on your other food choices.  Simply put, the alcohol and other components of these drinks can promote heart health and cellular health.  So, sit back, set some stew on the stove, and drink a cold one…

Recipe of the Week: Irish Ale Stew

Ingredients:

  • 2 pounds organic, grass-fed beef brisket OR chicken (cubed) (or if having a vegetarian meal, try 3 cans dark red kidney beans, drained and rinsed)
  • salt and black pepper to taste
  • 2 tablespoons all-purpose flour
  • 5 tablespoons olive oil
  • 2 cups diced Portobello mushroom caps
  • 1 1/2 cups red pearl onions, peeled
  • 1 cup diced carrot
  • 1 cup diced celery root (celeriac)
  • 1 cup diced turnip
  • 2 cloves garlic, minced
  • 2 (12 fluid ounce each) cans or bottles brown lager beer
  • 2 cups organic beef broth
  • 1 cup diced potato
  • 1 tablespoon malt vinegar
  • 4 sprigs fresh thyme, chopped
  • 2 sprigs fresh rosemary, chopped
Instructions:
  1. Place the meat  (cubed) into a mixing bowl, and season with salt and pepper. Sprinkle with flour, and toss until evenly coated. Heat the oil in a Dutch oven or large pot over medium heat. Cook the meat in small batches until browned on all sides; about 5 minutes per batch. Set the meat aside as the batches are done.
  2. Once the meat has been browned and set aside, stir in the Portobello mushrooms, and cook until browned, about 5 minutes. Remove the mushrooms, and set aside. Stir the pearl onions, carrot, celery root, and turnips into the pot. Cook and stir until the onions begin to turn light brown, about 5 minutes. Add the garlic, and continue cooking until the onions are golden brown, about 3 minutes more. Remove the vegetables and set aside.
  3. Return the beef to the pot, and pour in the beer. Bring to a boil, and cook until the beer has reduced to 1/3 of its original volume, about 8 minutes. Pour in the beef broth and return to a boil. Reduce heat to medium-low, cover, and simmer until the meat starts to become tender, about 1 hour. Return the browned vegetables to the pot along with the potatoes, recover, and cook 1 hour more.
  4. Stir in the reserved mushrooms, malt vinegar, thyme, and rosemary. Simmer a few minutes until heated through. Season to taste with salt and pepper before serving.

Being St. Patty’s day, let’s start with the benefits of dark beer.

First off, just like fruits and vegetables, the darker the better when it comes to antioxidant and flavonoid levels in beer…yes, beer has some antioxidants and flavonoids.  Beers like Guinness rank high in antioxidant levels which help to promote cellular health by “quenching” nasty free radicals, and they inhibit deposits of cholesterol into our cell walls.  The same is true of dark-colored wines (since I can’t stand beer, I had to put something in about wine – I know, there goes all my credibility).

Next, most all alcohol (the alcohol itself, not the entire sugar-loaded drink for any margarita fans) promotes increases in healthy high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol and decreased risk of stroke and heart disease.  Why is HDL good for us?  It is actually sent out by the liver to scavenge “bad” low-density lipoprotein (LDL) before it can be oxidized and enter our artery walls.  Between an increase in HDL and antioxidants, dark beer fights plague build-up in arteries.  Of note, the alcohol content is greatly reduced when cooked in a recipe such as our Recipe of the Week, so go ahead and have a few gulps from the bottle while you make it if you’d like!

It can also oppose high insulin levels in the body.  Remember, insulin production, which is usually caused by increases in blood sugar, promotes harmful fat accumulation and insulin resistance.  Moderate alcohol intake reduces insulin resistance (the more insulin resistance, the more insulin pumped out into the blood stream, the more fat accumulation and harm).  And, although it contains some carbs, fermented carbs are metabolized differently and a don’t usually cause high blood sugars.

ON THE OTHER HAND, as the Irish say, there are two sides to every story and at least twelve versions of every song.

There are good reasons to 1) not become “dependant” on alcohol (even dependency on just 1-2 drinks after work to unwind) and to 2) not binge. In terms of being an athlete, performance, and overall wellness, here’s how too much beer or alcohol can affect you:

Detrimental Effects of Over-Consumption or Beer and Alcohol on Your Weight, Performance and Health:

1) First, there’s the issue of the calories. Hard liquor contains ~100 calories per shot. Wine has ~150 calories per 6 oz. And beer is variable depending on its alcohol content, but usually spans between 80 and 250 calories per 12 oz. (many times, the darker the more caloric). That’s just for the alcohol. Then, add any flavoring or mixes with it if you like mixed drinks and you can easily top 600 calories per drink. During a real binge, 4-5+ of these drinks can completely wipe away any efforts at the calorie or carbohydrate deficit you’ve created over the week.

2) Next, it relaxes any inhibitions about overeating food. Sure, if you’re eating broccoli while drinking beer, there’s little chance of a food calorie overload or issues (besides maybe a lot of gas:)). But, most alcohol-food combos involve rich, high-calorie party foods, desserts, salty snacks, etc. Not only is the calorie/carb deficit wiped out, there’s a good chance of being in the red and causing a gain in weight/fat post-binge.

3) Alcohol, once converted to acetate in your bloodstream, becomes your body’s fuel source. Sounds great, right? Surely, you’ll burn it off. Well, the issue is that you’re not burning fat. In fact, fat breakdown becomes completely halted as your body and your liver deal with burning through the acetate. A big binge can affect fat oxidation (breakdown) for as many as 3 days. Now, not only have you wiped out the calorie deficit for last week, you’ve annihilated any chance of fat breakdown for half of next week.

4) Then, binge drinking reduces testosterone. For both men and women, lower levels of testosterone means reduced muscle mass and higher fat mass. It means less daily calorie/fat burn and more fat accumulation as hormones are imbalanced. Testosterone is your metabolism’s friend. We lose it slowly as we age – don’t expedite the process!

5) Next, while you may feel extra-relaxed after a binge, binge drinking can screw up your natural circadian rhythms, which messes up your blood sugars and glucose metabolism (with or without carb intake, this can increase fat storage and reduce oxidation), cortisol balance (this stress hormone leads to fat accumulation) and sleep patterns. All of these spell trouble for metabolism and fat breakdown.
First, avoid the binge to avoid the bulge: Although moderate alcohol intake has positive effects, binge drinking swings the pendulum far too far the other way.  With binge drinking, high levels of calories are consumed through alcohol and food since alcohol often leads to overeating.  Then, ghrelin levels are increased, which stimulates hunger, and fat breakdown is decreased, likely because the liver is dealing with alcohol overload.  Lastly, alcohol is associated with sleep disturbances, which further negatively impact metabolism hormones.  If the binge is a big one, the alcohol impact on the liver can hinder it from processing and burning fat for even up to 3 days, so you can’t just burn off  the extra bulge in the days that follow.  Binge drinking is a quadruple whammy to your metabolism, so keep it moderate!

6) And lastly, chronic drinking can cause our bodies to run on elevated levels of cortisol, the stress hormone.  Unfortunately, elevated cortisol levels encourage insulin resistance and fat accumulation.  What’s more, chronic drinking can lead to a chronically increased blood pressure level.  Bummer.

All in all, beer and other non-sugary alcohol, in moderate amounts a few times per week, is fine if you want to drink it. Life should be enjoyed, and among other healthy nutrition choices alcohol can fit in. But, it won’t help you reach race weight.

With all this in mind, pick your battles in nutrition. Enjoy alcohol if you’d like in moderation. And: May the road rise up to meet you (every ride!), and may your glass be ever full (a few times per week).

Fuel Your Ride. Nourish Your Body.

If you’d like to work with Kelli one-on-one with a Custom Nutrition Plan & Coaching, or download one of her acclaimed Instant Download Plans like Fuel Right Race Light, click here: Apex Nutrition Plans for Endurance Athletes. Be sure to use coupon code lovingthebike for a 15% discount!

 

Enjoy Your Ride
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Question: I am using the homebrew sugar formulations (sometimes added to green tea).  I am also trying to wean myself off 1/2 dose adrenalean “lip tonic delivery system” (biorhythm brand- caffeine, hoodia g, synephrine, yohimbe) capsule for energy.

My question is other than juice, can you suggest modifications in lieu of table sugar for energy and hydration.

Answer:

Both raw/organic honey or agave can work great in the homebrew (substitute in the same quantities for the sugar, or to taste), but you do have to shake well in order to make sure they don’t settle out.  Have you tried either of these?  Also, make sure to use at least the minimum amount of salt recommended in the homebrew as the temps rise, you need the sodium replacement if you’re sweating.

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Please send us your questions for our Expert Sports Nutritionist, Kelli Jennings to “Ask the Sports Nutritionist“. Kelli Jennings is a Registered Dietitian with a passion for healthy eating, wellness, & sports nutrition. For more information go to www.apexnutritionllc.com.

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